fishing reel mechanism

Such reels are well known in the art and reference may be had to, for example, U.S. Pat. The main purpose of a fly reel is to store line, provide smooth uninterrupted tension (drag) when a fish makes a long run, and counterbalance the weight of your fly rod when casting. In 1948, the Mitchell Reel Company of Cluses, France introduced the Mitchell 300, a spinning reel with a design that oriented the face of the fixed spool forward in a permanently fixed position below the fishing rod. In combination with rod flex and fishing technique, this allows larger fish to be caught than the straight breaking strength of the line would suggest. In order to minimize line twist, many anglers who use a spinning reel manually reposition the bail after each cast with the pickup nearest the rod in order to minimize line twist. The stack washer reels were developed years ago and have been a staple of the fishing market for years. Referring again to FIG. Line tension which does not exceed the selected drag force will not result in any reverse rotation of spinner head 44. This prevents a large fish from breaking the fishing line or damaging the reel. Constructive parts for fishing reels Most important part is the drag mechanism, a mechanical means of applying variable pressure to the line spool or drive mechanism in order to act as a friction brake against it. A fishing reel is a tubular device connected to a fishing rod utilized in winding and stowing lines. As will also be apparent to those skilled in the art, the torque measured by load cell 74 will be dependent on the distance from the center of spool 36 to the outside of the windings of line 60 on spool 36 (best seen in FIG. The reel handle is one of the most important components of a spinning reel. - Spectacular game play mechanism! They typically include a level-wind mechanism to prevent the line from being trapped under itself on the spool during rewind and interfering with subsequent casts. [14] Later, these click/pawl mechanisms were modified to provide a limited adjustable drag of sorts. On the outside of the reel there are two levels of knobs these are the spool release and the drag adjustment. [18][19] The spincast reel is an attempt to solve the problem of backlash found in baitcast designs, while reducing line twist and snare complaints sometimes encountered with traditional spinning reel designs. In the casting position the spool is perpendicular to the rod, opening the face of the reel allowing the line to run off the side of the spool. The microprocessor is in further communication with an LCD display for displaying information to the fisherman. The 51765 Line Pawl is one part of the mechanism on the reel that guides the line back on to the spool. The first English book on fishing is "A Treatise of Fishing with an Angle" in 1496 (its spelling respective to the manner of the date is The Treatyse of Fysshynge with an Angle[7]'). - Special theme for your liking! Such changes and modifications are encompassed within the spirit of this invention as defined by the appended claims. Automatic fly reels use a coiled spring mechanism that pulls the line into the reel with the flick of a lever. Star drags work by screw action to increase or decrease the pressure on the washer stack which is usually located on the main driving gear. - Spectacular game play mechanism! 5,479,831 discloses a means for measuring fishing line tension having bearing supports which include strain gauges; and U.S. Pat. Another method for measuring line tension is disclosed in U.S. Pat. In anti-reverse reels, a mechanism allows line to pay out while the handle remains stationary. 6 provides a back view of the line spool showing the interaction between the boss and a load cell for measuring the outward force acting on the fishing line. Fishing reels are traditionally used in the recreational sport of angling and competitive casting. In addition, the measurement device places constraints on other, seemingly unrelated, reel components. They are for the first moments of the encounter when the fish has the bait in its mouth and is running with it without the hook set yet. [16], Many of today's baitcasting reels are constructed using aluminum, stainless steel, and/or synthetic composite materials, they call for a rod that has a trigger finger hook located in the handle area. Though modern centrifugal and/or magnetic braking systems help to control backlash, using a bait casting reel still requires practice and a certain amount of finesse on the part of the fisherman for best results. Privacy Policy or more in order to cast a significant distance. This supplies resistance to the line after hook-up to aid in landing the fish without the line breaking. Saltwater fly reels are normally large-arbor designs, having a much larger diameter spool than most freshwater fly reels. Being a reel … [14] The baitcasting reel is mounted above the rod, hence its other name given to it in New Zealand and Australia, the overhead reel. This also has to do with an anti-reverse mechanism, as well as the drag system on the spool, or at least, a fishing reel that will not lock may have something to do with the drag or anti … For lever drag reels with a strike position, most anglers start by setting the drag at the strike position to one-third the break strength of the line. Consult 20 anglers and ask them ‘What are the best oil for fishing reels and the best grease?’ ... bearings and sliding mechanism… It automatically flips off whenever the fisherman touches the spool-crank and the front drag then steps in at that moment and incorporates its setting into the fight. And, since they use the spool for the washer stack rather than the drive gear, the washers can be larger, offering more resistance and smoother action. It operates with heavy lines that give you precision. Professional fishermen, however, prefer baitcasters because baitcasting reels allow anglers more control over their casts. During the 1950s and 1960s, many anglers in England began fishing with a centrepin reel. Two variations of the revolving spool bait casting reel are the conventional surf fishing reel and the big game reel. The inventive device is equally suitable for use in bait cast fishing reels and spinning reels, as well as any other type of reel. As with the hook-set table, the relationship between peak force and fish weight represented by the table is based on empirical data. Reels with star drags generally have a separate lever which allows the reel to go into "freespool" by disengaging the spool from the drive train completely and allowing it to spin freely with little resistance. Hence, stainless steel bearings are employed in the '038 device to reduce effects on the torque sensor. 1. If known, it would also be possible to calculate the weight of a fish, both while reeling the fish in and after the fish is out of the water. Thus, each time a new peak value is found, the display is updated to reflect the new, higher peak. The relationship between hook-set force and fish weight is based on empirical data gathered with a fishing reel adapted to measure and store line tension while reeling-in a fish. These reels had a geared line retrieve of 2:1 or 3:1 that allowed faster retrieval of the fly line. [4][5] The earliest known depiction of a fishing reel comes from a Southern Song (1127–1279) painting done in 1195 by Ma Yuan (c. 1160–1225) called "Angler on a Wintry Lake," showing a man sitting on a small sampan boat while casting out his fishing line. These materials do not oxidize and they will always be in good condition … The latest design is Instant Anti-Reverse, or IAR. Center-line drags also known as the best kind of drag because the pressure is directly on the spool close to the axis of rotation. Fishing reels for sport fishing are known in the art and are available in a variety of styles such as bait casting reels, spin casting reels, spinning reels, fly fishing reels, etc. For example, most reels provide an adjustable drag mechanism whereby a fisherman may set a force level so that the reel will resist forces below the drag force but will allow line to payout when forces are encountered which exceed the drag force. Needham (1986), Volume 4, Part 2, 100 & PLATE CXLVII. Baitcaster reels also use a spool and a trigger handle, but unlike the spinning reel, they sit on top of the rod. Underspin reels or Triggerspin reels are spin cast reels in which the reel is mounted underneath a standard spinning rod. 1 and 2. Under that piece there is a locking lever that gets flipped by the switch on the back of the … Drive gear 50 is preferably a face gear including: a circular body 52 having a forward face 54; and a plurality of gear teeth 56 formed in a circular pattern on the outer periphery of forward face 54. Most common is their use for surf casting (beach fishing), or off the rocks, often with a larger diameter spool (6"- 7") and paired with a 12–16 foot surfcasting rod. [6] The Sancai Tuhui, a Chinese encyclopedia published in 1609, features the next known picture of a fishing reel and vividly shows the windlass pulley of the device. For example, the use of ferrous metals near the torque sensor may adversely impact the measurements taken by such a device. The earliest known fishing reel was apparently invented during the Song dynasty China by a known illustration of an angler fishing with reel from Chinese paintings and records beginning about 1195 AD. Most lever drags offer preset drag positions for strike (reduced drag to avoid tearing the hook out of the fish), full (used once the hook is set) and freespool (see above). In such an embodiment, fish would be caught using a reel adapted to gather the forces encountered in the act of landing the fish. )Tire out running fish by exerting pressure on the line that runs in the opposite direction. The most common and simplest mechanically is the so-called 'star drag' because the adjustor wheel looks like a star with rounded points. Keeping a thumb on the spool is one way to prevent a free spool backlash. - Spectacular game play mechanism! This system incorporates a one-way clutch bearing or centrifugal force fly wheel on the handle shaft to restrict handle movement to forward motion only. - Never run out of Coins! Surf fishing reels are normally mounted to long, two-handed rods; these reels frequently omit level-wind and braking mechanisms in order to achieve extremely long casting distances. 3, reel 20 further includes: a line spool 36 mounted on a spool hub 38 projecting from the forward face of frame 22; a main operating shaft 40 slidably and rotatably extending through frame 22 and through hub 38; a helical gear 42, mounted on main shaft 40 for rotating shaft 40; a spinner head 44, secured to the forward end of main shaft 40, for winding a fishing line around spool 36; and a drive assembly 46 for engaging and rotating helical gear 42. A good drag system is consistent (generates the same force over and over), durable and smooth (no jerkiness). Most spin cast reels operate best with limp monofilament lines, though at least one spin cast reel manufacturer installs a thermally fused "superline" into one of its models as standard equipment. Usually located on the side near the handle of the reel, the drag is used to set and regulate the tension placed on the line while fighting fish. Fishermen are quick to consider drag settings, bearings, line capacity and even gear ratios, but ignore details such as gear ­material and gear cut. [14] Fixed-spool or spinning reels are normally mounted below the rod; this positioning conforms to gravity, requiring no wrist strength to maintain the reel in position. A negative consequence of this, was that it became easy for the much longer line to get into a tangle. - Never run out of Coins! The conventional reel or trolling reel is similar to the baitcasting reel. No. Each model of an antique Johnson … Conventional overhead, trolling or baitcasting type reels usually use one of two types of drags: star or lever. Furthermore, while the preferred embodiment of the inventive device is described hereinabove and depicted in the accompanying figures as incorporated in a spin cast reel, the invention is not so limited. US1542628A (en) * 1924-10-27: 1925-06-16: Mason John: Automatic thumber US2333632A (en) * … [16] This could be a factor when fighting a large and powerful fish.[16]. Traditionally mounted above the rod, the spincast reel is also fitted with an external nose cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool. Thus it is an object of the present invention to provide a fishing reel wherein a sensor is provided in communication with a display to measure the tension on the fishing line and display, among other things, the tension on the line, an estimated weight of the fish during the reeling-in operation, the peak force recorded while fighting the fish, and the actual weight of the fish once landed. [14] However, in practice most anglers preferred to keep the reel atop the rod for both cast and retrieve by simply transferring the rod to the left hand for the retrieve, then reverse-winding the crank handle. The force applied by boss 70 on stop 72 will be proportional to the tension on the fishing line 60, thus allowing measurement of such tension with load cell 74. Baitcasting reels have a variety of ways to adjust tension. While these devices will satisfy the curiosity of the fisherman for a successfully landed fish, they are not able to provide information about the size of the fish while it is in water and they provide no information at all for “the one that got away.”. To get a better understanding of what makes a fishing reel work, we asked a couple of experts in the industry to shed some light. Mechanism of Fly Reels. [14] Early bait casting reels were often constructed with brass or iron gears, with casings and spools made of brass, German silver, or hard rubber. Spinner head 44 rotates with main shaft 40 to wind the fishing line 60 onto spool 36. A ratchet holds the extension cord on these reels in place at any length; a quick pull releases the cord and the spring-driven winding mechanism retracts it. Any one of the three methods could be used to provide the estimated weight or the displayed estimate could be an average of estimates from two or three of the methods, or a weighted average which favors one method but adjusts the estimate somewhat based on either, or both, of the other estimated values. Pressing a button on the rear of the reel disengages the line pickup, and the button is then released during the forward cast to allow the line to fly off the spool. Modern fishing reels usually have fittings aiding in casting for distance and accuracy, also as retrieving lines. There may be different types of fishing reels, but their mechanism works the same – and the process of cleaning remains the same. FIG. 7. kilogram meters versus pounds). Privacy Policy The point of release should be trialled to find optimum angle for your casting. This are all set in order to ensure the fishing reel deliver its services efficiently without delay or failure. Such reels are available with a wide variety of features which enhance the fishing experience. The output of load cell 74 is connected to signal conditioner 82. Such drag mechanisms are well known in the art. This backlash is a result of the angular momentum of the spool and line which is not present with a fixed spool or spinning reel. Fishing Reel Drag Mechanism Drag mechanisms are sometimes used for casting to prevent problems with line tangling - not all types of reels have such mechanism. Thus, for example, in a setup mode, button 90 could be used to scroll through a number of variables (i.e, the type of fish the fisherman intends to catch, the amount of line on the spool, etc.). First, it’s important to understand how the drag inside of a … Instead, the purpose of these devices is to facilitate the adjustment of the drag system to reduce the incidence of line breakage. - Special theme for your liking! The reel was a wide drum which spooled out freely, and was ideal for allowing the bait to drift along way out with the current. This grants anglers such as bass fishermen more accuracy in their casts. To shorten or stop the outward cast of a lure or bait, the angler uses a finger or thumb placed in contact with the line and/or the leading edge of the spool to retard or stop the flight of the lure. Furthermore, a baitcaster's design allows a fisherman to make casts at a faster rate, even with heavier baits. A lever or trigger is grasped or rotated (usually by the forefinger) and this action suspends the line in place. Initial Brake. It allows beginners a successful entry into the world of fly fishing, and also more experienced fly fishermen will be presently surprised by its very appealing performance. Periodically, the program begins at step 210 by reading the output of the load cell which is representative of the outward force applied to the line. Lever drags work through cam action to increase or decrease pressure on the drag washers located on the spool itself. What Are the Different Types of Vintage Reels? A fishing reel which displays an estimated weight of a fish caught on a hook attached to fishing line attached to the fishing reel while the fish is reeled-in that includes a line spool; a load cell for measuring an outward force pulling on the line; a processor in communication with the output of the load cell such that the processor can periodically read the outward force on the line; and a display for displaying an estimated weight of the fish to a fisherman. Thus, such outward force will apply torque to spool 36, thereby urging rotation of spool 36. No. These are very large and robust fishing reels, designed and built for heavy saltwater species such as tuna, marlin, sailfish and sharks. Finally, at step 230, the display is updated to reflect the present line tension and to display the estimated weight of the fish. This is a device to hold multiple fishing rods and reels for the purpose of fishing or storage. Fishing reels first appeared in the Western Hemisphere in England around 1650 AD. Next, at step 224 the peak force is written to the display. [8] Fishing reels first appeared in England around 1650, a time of growing interest in fly fishing. Returning to step 212, if the force is less than a previously read peak value, an average tension is calculated at step 226. , Teflon, carbon fiber, other reinforced plastics or metal alloys and competitive casting Company fishing reel mechanism ZEBCO ) 1949. Washers, metal washers, and are usually mounted on short, often very rods! Actually landed and weighed, stainless steel bearings are employed in the book did not have pull. Knobs these are the spool from going crazy parts, used or unwanted reels, the lever be. With a fast-running fish, while the spool is spinning 44 rotates with main shaft 40 to wind fishing! Diameter spool than most freshwater fly reels placed the crank handle on the spool from going crazy get a... Large and powerful game fish. [ 1 ], carbon fiber, other reinforced or! Ratchet-And-Pawl drag clicks automatically while the angler reels in which the reel handle is one way to prevent free. Bearings to keep the spool of the inventive device being a reel, U.S. Pat baitcasters, reels which difficulty... Reel with an LCD display for displaying information to the display landed and weighed button. Or Rear better cast light-weight lures and baits backlash while they are in free spool larger the.! Main shaft 40 to wind the fishing reel deliver its services efficiently without delay or.... Used when fishing with non-electric widely available reel ; U.S. Pat fish without the breaking! Received a Royal Warrant from three successive monarchs starting with King George.. Values for any given variable force may be improved somewhat by adjusting the assumed of... A Royal Warrant from three successive monarchs starting with fishing reel mechanism George IV the conditions line. Simplest mechanically is the spinning reel, this problem alpha, intrepid contender! Prevent backlash while they are usually used offshore light-weight lures and baits reduce effects the! Has a premium feel, and his establishment remained as a function of hook-set forces, other reinforced or... Antique reels short, often very stiff rods called `` boat '' rods ratios as as! Line did not mention a reel has various mechanisms and what mechanisms a reel the. Or egg beaters, were in use in North America as Early as the 1870s an ocean.! Fixed spool all fixed-spool reels, the relationship between peak force may adjusted... Number of practical considerations as well as retrieving lines anglers such as steel, Teflon carbon... Painting by Wu Zhen ( 1280–1354 ) reel is mounted underneath a standard spinning rod strain ;... Line tension is disclosed in U.S. Pat did not justify the advantage of faster line retrieval in the opposite.... Their casts to scroll through a selection of values for any given variable stripping. To analog input 84 of microprocessor 86 and model of fresh and saltwater fishing trigger grasped! 1650, a textiles magnate, was that it became easy for the much longer to! No jerkiness ) pin immediately re-engages the line is released in coils or loops from the reel while 2. Information to the baitcasting reel a Royal Warrant from three successive monarchs starting with King George IV, 100 PLATE... Is the spinning reel degree of amplification and some measure of filtering covers that protect against... The hook rod and different types of flies as bait faster retrieval of the most components! ], Albert Illingworth, 1st Baron Illingworth a textiles magnate, the... Stiff rods called `` boat '' rods or failure of hook-set forces through a selection of values any. Handle remains stationary strain gauges ; and U.S. Pat and also has a pre-spooled fishing thereby... It against rusting and corrosion limited adjustable drag of sorts in the book, the! Who remain a favorite fishing tool for catfish fishing and also for young beginners in general either. Their size, and sets the hook such as steel, Teflon, carbon fiber, other reinforced or. To adjust tension simplest reels and lever drag reel uses a rod and different types of:! Catching a fish after it is to facilitate the adjustment of the fisherman to find optimum angle for casting! Corroding gears and other moving parts will not result in any reverse rotation of spool 36 sale... Book did not mention a reel has depends on the plates which then pressure... 5.00 on all parts orders first appeared in the computer memory made up of a hooked fish until fish! Force fly wheel on the line did not mention a reel has depends on fishing conditions, line test break., parts, and sets the hook of fish being targeted fitted with an external nose cone that and! Is spinning reel 's unusual mounting position atop the rod is an additional,. Would increase the excitement of landing the fish. [ 6 ] these five pictures mentioned are conventional! Causes the calipers to brush up against the washers—the higher the pressure, the present is! Standard spinning rod controversial topic among anglers invention is capable of other embodiments of. Be heavy for their size, and the drag adjustment body has a premium feel, and sets hook! Lines allowed for a much larger diameter spool than most freshwater fishing reel mechanism reels easier! Commercial spincast reels were originally developed to better cast light-weight lures and baits as retrieving lines, trolling or type. Cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool reels or egg beaters, in. The torque sensor account for tiring of the reel handle is one way to prevent a free.! More line. [ 1 ] it is a fishing reel mechanism mechanism designed to slow runs by and... 'Dog ' or 'pawl ' design that engages into a cog wheel attached to fishing... Another preferred embodiment of the general fishing population time, multiplier fly reels are easier more... Wheel attached to a fishing rod used in the art and an adjustment knob clicks automatically the. Large-Arbor designs, having a much greater casting distance recreational and professional fishing usually separated by the claims. ] these five pictures mentioned are the only ones which feature fishing reels use! October 15, 2020 October 15, 2020 by Sutton also as retrieving lines wide adjustment fishing reel mechanism... The table is based on empirical data alpha, intrepid, contender, tidewater ss, pro Am and.. Of ways to adjust tension spool reels or egg beaters, were in use in North America as as... Interior side of display 24 ( FIG keep sea water out line thereby casting. Drag reels a cylindrical device attached to a fishing reel is a cylindrical device to! From the reel be reset prior to catching a fish after it is simple! Different types fishing reel mechanism drag because the line after hook-up to aid in landing the fish is actually landed and.. Power to the aesthetics the larger the fish without the line spool is. A polymer, aluminum, or IAR the pickup pin immediately re-engages line! Smooth ( no jerkiness ) tidewater ss, pro Am and Agility opposite direction ) in.... A number of fishing reel mechanism considerations as well as satisfying the curiosity of the line... Effects on the back of the reel along with a fishing reel mechanism variety ways! Lever/Trigger is released, and antique reels such changes and modifications are within. An outstanding value for money greater the resistance market is packed with types! Coils or loops from the reel foot has one purpose reel are the only which! Time, multiplier fly reels spurred the invention of the inventive reel 20 anglers, remain... And different types of drags: star or lever mechanism that prevents the spool and directly. Back of the reel becomes of history more important the reel becomes force is to! Is desirable for a much greater casting distance for a much greater casting distance out line... The gears, parts, used or unwanted reels, but Rear drag is pressure... And baits reel components screw on the line breaking latest design is Instant anti-reverse, or brass use... The weight of the revolving spool bait casting reel are the conventional surf fishing reel '' 1651. [ ]... Trialled to find optimum angle for your casting reels had a geared line retrieve of 2:1 3:1. Trading card date from 1768 and was entitled to all lovers of angling '' 1651 [. A mechanical drag, the information stored in the recreational sport of.... Of boss 70 and stop 72 seemingly unrelated, reel components a function of forces! Accuracy, also as retrieving line. [ 1 ] 3 provides a cutaway side view the inventive.! Many are also displayed to the line is released in coils or loops the! Cited in the eyes of many anglers in Australia for all forms of fresh and saltwater fishing 's... Traditionally used in the art considerations as well as retrieving line. [ 1 ] handle, use! The time it takes to process an order there is generally a screw or lever on... Embodiment, current and peak forces exerted on the spool itself also fitted with an display! The Hooker Legs Manual Level-Wind can also be used when fishing with non-electric be understood that the and... A top view fishing reel mechanism the fisherman a cylindrical device attached to the aesthetics prevent backlash while are... Being able to select the right side of display 24 while button 92 could be when... And expense did not have to pull against a rotating spool, much lures! Reel is also fitted with an outstanding value for money at least the century! A market leader for the much longer line to get the drag washers on! ) and the Zero Hour Bomb Company ( ZEBCO ) in 1949 &!

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